Journal of Foreign Language Education and Technology

Instructor L1 Use and Its Impact on L2 Classroom Learning

Abstract

Farah Ali

Despite a general tendency to avoid L1 use in the L2 classroom, pedagogical research has recently begun to challenge the predominantly monolingual approach to L2 teaching, and reassign the role of the L1 as a useful tool for both instructors and learners (Cook, 2001; Levine, 2011; Turball & Dailey O’Cain, 2009). However, while it is evident from previous research that the L1 serves several functions in the L2 classroom -and perhaps has an unavoidable presence that should be acknowledged -few studies look at how L1 use can positively impact L2 learners' classroom experiences and learning outcomes. The present study looks at instructor L1 use as it relates to learners’ perceptions of their learning, as well as actual outcomes in terms of grammatical competence. Using data collected from a pilot study as well as an expanded follow-up study, this article aims to investigate the use of the L1 (English) in the L2 (Spanish) classroom in terms of instructor use and its relation to learners’ perceived competence in L2 grammar. Results from both studies conform to previous findings in terms of the contexts in which the L1 is used by instructors. Furthermore, these results suggest that the L1 plays an important role in facilitating communication and establishing a rapport between instructors and learners, and through this may also positively impact learners' confidence and perceived competence in L2 grammar.

PDF

Share this article

Get the App

  1. Situs Judi Slot Terlengkap
  2. Situs Slot Online Terbaik Dan Terpercaya No 1
  3. Slot Pragmatic Play
  4. Situs Slot Online Terpercaya
  5. Kumpulan Situs Judi Slot Terpercaya
  6. Game Slot Online
  7. Judi Slot Online Jackpot Terbesar
  8. Situs Judi Slot Online Terpercaya 2021
  9. Slot Joker123
  10. Agen Slot Online Resmi
  11. Slot Deposit Pulsa
  12. Daftar Situs Judi Slot Terbaik Dan Terpercaya No 1
  13. AloJudi Slot
  14. Situs Slot
  15. Judi Slot Online Jackpot Terbesar Gampang Menang
  16. Mesin slot gacor 88
  17. Mesin slot
  18. Link Slot Online
  19. Slot Via Dana
  20. Daftar Situs Bo Slot Online Gacor Terbaik 2022
  1. Slot Online Terpercaya
  2. Judi Slot Online Jackpot Terbesar
  3. Daftar Situs Judi Slot Online Terpercaya
  4. Judi Slot Terpercaya
  5. Kumpulan Situs Judi QQ Online Terpercaya
  6. Situs Slot Deposit Pulsa dan Slot Online Terbaik
  7. Slot Hacker
  8. Situs Slot Online Terbaik
  9. Slot Gacor Gampang Menang
  10. Slot Online
  11. Situs Slot Online Terbaik 2022
  12. Slot RTP Pragmatic
  13. Situs Slot Gacor 2022

paper.io

agar io

wowcappadocia.com
cappadocia-hotels.com
caruscappadocia.com
brothersballoon.com
balloon-rides.net

wormax io